The fifth largest country in the Americas, Mexico can boast its second largest economy and some truly captivating examples of pre-Columbian culture in Mesoamerica. Before the arrival of the Spanish in the 16th century, Mexico nurtured the development of numerous indigenous civilisations including the Olmec, the Maya, the Toltec and the Aztecs; rich cultures which flourished some four millennia before the arrival of the first Europeans.
Today the country is home to more UNESCO World Heritage sites than any other country in the Americas and is also considered one of the most biodiverse landscapes on earth, with over 170,000 kilometres of the country set aside as ‘Protected Natural Areas’.
Sandwiched between the Pacific Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico, much of the country is made up of mountains and high plateaus, with the backbone of the country being formed by the Sierra Madre ranges. Colonised by the Spanish in the 16th century, much of Mexico’s population today is a rich cultural mix of Spanish and indigenous descent, with its capital, Mexico City, being heralded as one of the most populous cities on the planet. For the modern traveller Mexico has it all, offering up everything from remote trekking and horse riding trips to luxurious cultural holidays and relaxing beach getaways.